The process started by identifying, defining and demarcating the
cultural resources, understood in its totality and based on
this; formulate legislation for protection of all the components
and systems that contribute to the unique heritage value of the
resource. Where the question of Legal protection became an
essential prerequisite for making a management plan. The
methodology adopted for these stages is as stated:
The site assessment was based on observations and series of
informal meetings with various stakeholders, which included
officials from the state and the local management authority,
NGOs, local entrepreneurs and local community. The aim was to
understand the current status of the site to know broad issues
and concerns and also for building contacts with key resource
The surveys were conducted to achieve the following objectives:
1. Identification of heritage systems and components, which
define the significance of the site for protection and
2. Assessment of the current status of the site (in terms of
present land-use, transport network, ownership, current
activities for management etc.) so as to be able to analyze the
current threats and risks to the site.
3. Community diagnosis to assess the social and economic
profile, quality of life, perceptions, their needs and detailed
stakeholder analysis to assess the needs, priorities and
conflicts of various stakeholders, often with competing
interests. After updating the tentative inventories, team member
set out to conduct the site-work.
The inventories relate to heritage components (i.e. individual
structures e.g. temple, service buildings, water tanks etc.)
which will form part of the above mentioned heritage systems.
Good base maps was needed to spatially locate the heritage
components and record their existing status. For this purpose,
we had to put in substantial efforts to have corrected scaled
drawing to spatially locate the systems and components that we
will identify. We have made the decision to work on maps at two
- Area Level Maps
- Settlement level Maps
The recording of existing conditions was aimed at undertaking
cultural resource impact analysis of present threats and future
risks to the heritage systems and components (and thus to the
cultural resource entity). It was also supposed to help in
undertaking ecological impact analysis to assess the
impact of population
increase, changes in land use, ownership and circulation
and current development activities, tourism on the
sustainability of the region. Analysis of secondary information
e.g. available census data relating to demography, tourism etc.
will help in doing this.
Village level studies:
Although there are 12 villages in the site, the survey team
undertook detailed studies of four representative villages,
namely Hampi, Kamlapura, Kadirampura and Anegoundi. The team
members spent 2-3 days for working on each of these villages.
Afterwards, heritage components, land-use pattern and condition
were spatially located. New developments were specifically
recorded to understand the current transformation processes
within and around these settlements.
Community diagnosis and Stakeholder Analysis and Regional study:
This was done through questionnaires and Open-ended interviews.
The stakeholder analysis was meant to assess the priorities,
interests, conflicts and potentials of other stakeholders (shop
owners, religious trusts, tourist guides, entrepreneurs, NGOs,
ASI, State Archaeology and other public organizations).
After conducting site-work for five weeks, the information
collected on site was compiled in Delhi over a period of four
weeks. The following strategy was decided for compiling the
- Filling Inventories for Architectural, Archaeological,
Vernacular and other components.
- Spatially locating information relating to typology, usage and
condition of heritage components and landuse on base-maps at
scales 1:2000 and 1:2500.
- Making final line drawings of village layouts and spatially
locating information relating to typology, usage and condition.
- Compiling Community diagnosis, interviews with stakeholders
and information at regional level.
GIS was used as important tool for analyzing information for a
complex site such as Hampi. It will prove extremely helpful in
taking crucial management decisions.
Outcome of the first stage analyzing Heritage Components and
Systems used to define Cultural resource and Demarcation of its
boundary, which should be protected as an integral cultural